Action Research is a disciplined process of inquiry conducted by and for those taking the action. The primary reason for engaging in action research is to assist the “actor” in improving and/or refining his or her actions.
Arguably, no topic in education calls up more anxiety for teachers or students as those around demonstrating the teaching and learning of mandated learning outcomes. In recent years, this is made absolutely plain through the setting up and reporting through 'league tables', which now operate internationally through the OECD's PISA tables and at the level of different national government through national literacy testing, for instance.
In the 'good old days', teachers wrote teaching programmes which they would present to their Head of Department or to the Deputy responsible for curriculum. Today, the word 'design' has entered into everyday teaching in subjects which have nothing to do with graphic arts or other arts-based subjects which were the natural home of design and designers.
You may have come across the message declaring that "Autism is not a disease. Don't try to cure us. Try to understand us". On the other hand, the information available on AUTISM is unmistakably within the context of SPECIAL EDUCATION and, therefore, subject to the diagnosis of psychologists and other educational and medical professionals.
Are aspiring school leaders well prepared for their challenging role? This is the question which many education systems are asking as they consider the school leader's role in managing more and more decision-making processes in increasingly decentralised education systems globally.
Special education (also known as special needs education) is the practice of educating students with special educational needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs. Beyond this general definition, however, special education is much harder to define.